Sunday, 19 February 2017

Edenfel House

THE BUCHANANS OWNED 130 ACRES OF LAND IN COUNTY TYRONE

THOMAS BUCHANAN, of Carbeth, son of Thomas Buchanan (by Isabel, daughter of Murdoch Stuart, Duke of Albany), third son of Sir Walter de Buchanan, 13th laird of Buchanan, married his cousin, a daughter of Buchanan of that ilk, and had issue,

JOHN BUCHANAN (1545-1619), of Gartincaber, parish of Buchanan, Stirlingshire, who wedded and had issue,

GEORGE BUCHANAN (1578-1660), of Gartincaber, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Walter Leckie, of Dishcour, and had issue,
JOHN, of whom presently;
George (descendants in America);
Thomas, of Gartincaber.
The eldest son,

JOHN BUCHANAN, born in 1615, for whom his father purchased the lands of Blairlusk, Dunbartonshire, espoused his cousin Jean, and had issue,

GEORGE BUCHANAN, of Blairlusk, who sold Blairlusk, 1674, to his brother William, and settled near Omagh, County Tyrone.

He married Elizabeth Mayne, and had issue,

JOHN BUCHANAN, born in 1676, who wedded, in 1703, Catherine Black, and had issue four sons, of whom,
JOHN, his heir;
Thomas, ancestor of JAMES BUCHANAN, 15th President of the USA.
The son and heir,

JOHN BUCHANAN, born in 1704, espoused firstly, in 1735, Jane Nixon, and had issue,

JOHN BUCHANAN, born in 1736, who married firstly, Maria, daughter of Captain Long, which lady dsp.

He wedded secondly, in 1771, Sarah, daughter of Oliver Sproule, and died in 1820, leaving issue, with several daughters,
James, HM Consul-General in America;
JOHN, of whom presently;
George;
William;
Alexander.
The second son,

JOHN BUCHANAN (1779-1842), of Omagh, who purchased Lisnamallard from Sir Hugh Stewart Bt in 1828, wedded, in 1820, Mary Jane, daughter of James Blacker, a divisional magistrate of Dublin, and had issue,
John;
James;
George;
William;
Mansergh;
Alexander Carlisle;
LEWIS MANSERGH, of Edenfel and Lisnamallard;
Jane Elizabeth; Sarah Caroline; Elizabeth Eleanor.
The seventh son,

LEWIS MANSERGH BUCHANAN CB (1836-1908), of Edenfel and Lisnamallard, Honorary Colonel and Lieutenant-Colonel Commanding, 4th Battalion, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, former officer of 88th Connaught Rangers, in which regiment he served throughout the Indian Mutiny.

Colonel Buchanan wedded firstly, in 1862, Eleanor Margaret, daughter of William Whitla, of Lisburn; and secondly, in 1878, Wilhelmina, daughter of George Molony, and had issue,
JOHN BLACKER, his heir;
Lewis Ernest;
Mansergh George Reginald;
Calvert James Stronge;
Ethel Elizabeth; Mary Jane Eleanor; Alice Lilian; Eleanora Agnes.
He espoused secondly, in 1878, Wilhelmina, daughter of George Molony.

Colonel Buchanan's eldest son,

JOHN BLACKER BUCHANAN (1863-1933), of Edenfel, Lieutenant-Colonel, Royal Army Medical Corps, married in 1894, Mary, eldest daughter of the Rev A Harland, of Harefield, Middlesex, and had issue,
Helena Margaret and
Evaleen Mary, twins born 1898;
Mary Elizabeth, born 1905.

EDENFEL HOUSE, near Omagh, County Tyrone, is a large,Victorian, multi-gabled, two-storey, four-by-two bay villa on an ‘L’ plan.

The west elevation has a three-bay range with two gabled breakfronts.

There is a central two-storey porch with pointed-arch doorway.

The main gable has a slim, projecting, two-storey window bay.

A rectangular gabled wing is to the south.


The north elevation has a chamfered bay window below a tripartite rectangular window, and a small lancet with  two-bay wing towards the east.

The slate roof is pitched; and there are decorative barge-boards.

Edenfel was built in 1862 for Colonel L M Buchanan to designs by Boyd & Batt.

*****

EDENFEL HOUSE is on the outskirts of Omagh, not far from Crevenagh to the north-west.

The original gardens had fallen into disrepair, though the grounds are thickly planted with surviving trees.

Shelter renewal planting has taken place since 1972 and augmented with the assistance of a government grant in the early 1990s.

A terraced ornamental garden, adjacent to the house, is partly walled and retains the box-edged beds.

First published in February, 2015.

The Duke of York

His Royal Highness THE PRINCE ANDREW ALBERT CHRISTIAN EDWARD, Duke of York, Earl of Inverness, and Baron Killyleagh, KG, GCVO, is 57 today.

Prince Andrew is a vice-admiral in the Royal Navy and Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Irish Regiment.

  • Royal Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter
  • Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order

Saturday, 18 February 2017

1st Marquess of Hastings

THE MARQUESSATE OF HASTINGS WAS CREATED IN 1816 FOR FRANCIS, 2ND EARL OF MOIRA

The illustrious family of RAWDON deduced its pedigree from Paulinus de Rawdon, to whom WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR granted considerable estates by the following deed:-
I, King William, in the third year of my reign, give to Paulinus Rawdon, Hope and Hopetown, with all the boundaries both up and down, from heaven to earth, from earth to hell, for you and your heir to dwell, as truly as this kingdom in mine; for a crossbow and an arrow, when I shall come to hunt on Yarrow; and in token that this thing is true, I bite the white wax with my tooth, before Meg, Maud, and Margery, and my third son, Henry.
This Paulinus, or Paulyn, commanded a band of archers in the Norman invading army, and derived his surname of RAWDON from the lands of that denomination, near Leeds, which constituted a portion of the royal grant.

From this successful soldier lineally sprang (19th in descent), through a line of eminent ancestors,

GEORGE RAWDON (1604-84), who settled in Ulster, and took an active part, as a military commander, during the Irish rebellion of 1641; and subsequently, until his decease, in 1684, in the general affairs of that Province.

Mr Rawdon was created a baronet in 1665, being denominated of Moira, County Down.

Sir George married firstly, in 1639, Ursula, daughter of Sir Francis Stafford, of Bradney, Shropshire, and widow of Francis Hill, of Hillhall, by whom he had no surviving issue.

He wedded secondly, in 1654, Dorothy, eldest daughter of Edward, 2nd Viscount Conway, by whom he had,
Edward;
John, a military man; killed in France, 1656;
ARTHUR, his successor;
Dorothy; Brilliana; Mary.
Sir George was succeeded by his eldest surviving son,

SIR ARTHUR RAWDON (1662-95), 2nd Baronet, who espoused Helena, daughter and heir of Sir James Graham, and granddaughter of William, Earl of Menteith, and had, with a daughter, Isabella, married to Sir Richard Levinge Bt, an only son,

SIR JOHN RAWDON (1690-1724), 3rd Baronet, who wedded, in 1717, Dorothy, second daughter of Sir Richard Levinge Bt, Speaker of the Irish House of Commons, by whom he had, with other children, his successor,

SIR JOHN RAWDON (1720-93), 4th Baronet, was elevated to the peerage, in 1750, as Baron Rawdon, of Moira, County Down.

His lordship was further advanced to an earldom, as EARL OF MOIRA, in 1762.

His lordship espoused firstly, in 1741, Helena, youngest daughter of John, Earl of Egmont, by whom he had two daughters, Catherine and Helena.

Lord Moira married secondly, in 1746, Anne, daughter of Trevor, 1st Viscount Hillsborough, by whom he had no issue; and thirdly, in 1752, the Lady Elizabeth Hastings, eldest daughter Theophilus, 9th Earl of Huntingdon, who inherited the baronies of Hastings etc upon the demise of her brother Francis, 10th Earl of Huntingdon, without issue, 1789.

By this last union his lordship had issue,
FRANCIS, his successor;
John Theophilus;
Selina Frances; Charlotte Adelaide Constantia; Anne Elizabeth.
His lordship was succeeded by his eldest son,

FRANCIS EDWARD (1754-1826), 2nd Earl, KG GCB etc, a gallant soldier, an eloquent senator, and a popular statesman, who wedded, in 1804, the Lady Flora Mure-Campbell, suo jure Countess of Loudoun, only daughter of James, 5th Earl of Loudoun, and had issue,
GEORGE AUGUSTUS FRANCIS, his successor;
Flora Elizabeth, Lady of the Bedchamber to HRH The Duchess of Kent;
Sophia Frederica Christina; Selina Constance; Adelaide Augusta Lavinia.
His lordship inherited, upon the demise of his mother, in 1808, the ancient baronies of Hastings, Hungerford, etc; and was created, in 1816, Viscount LoudounEarl of Rawdon, and MARQUESS OF HASTINGS.

He had been previously created a peer of Great Britain, 1783, by the title of Baron Rawdon, of Rawdon, Yorkshire.

All of these subsidiary titles, including the Baronetcy, became extinct following the death of the 4th Marquess and 8th Baronet, in 1868. 

MoiraCastle. Photo credit: Royal Irish Academy © RIA


Shortly after acquiring Moira Castle, Major Rawdon married Lord Conway's daughter.

He was to give fifty years of devoted service to the family, serving three successive Viscounts Conway, the 3rd Viscount of whom was created Earl of Conway.

When George Rawdon acquired Moira demesne and other land, he established a dynasty similar to that of the Hill family at Hillsborough  (Marquesses of Downshire).

Later, his own descendants were to marry into the Hill family, who were among the richest landowners in the Kingdom.

Rawdon was created a baronet in 1665.

Sir George, 1st Baronet, had done much to foster the early growth and development of Lisburn after the Rebellion.

His family was largely responsible for the foundation of Moira as it is today.

He was known as the "Great Highwayman", responsible for constructing many of the highways in the county.

Sir George's wife, Dorothy, died in 1665 and was buried in the chancel of Lisburn Cathedral.

Sir George died in 1683 and was also buried in Lisburn Cathedral.

He was succeeded by his son Arthur, 2nd Baronet (1662-95) who, like his father, was a member of Parliament, and was one of the generals in King William of Orange's armies.

When King William landed in Ireland, Sir Arthur raised troops and rallied to his side.

Before long he was besieged at Derry where he became ill, but, encouraged by his friends, he managed to escape and so ended his part in military affairs.

When Sir Arthur inherited the lands at Moira he rebuilt the mansion, which became one of the most magnificent castles in the country. Records describe this mansion as a 

"commodious habitation, surrounded by a wood, which affords beautiful walks, a large lawn extends in front, where sheep feed, and is terminated by trees, and a small Lough eastwards, the rear of the castle grounds contains a wood, with large opening fronting the castle, which forms a fine perspective".

The 2nd Baronet was a renowned botanist and, on his estate at Moira, he built the first hot-house in Europe.

The gardens were adorned with a pretty labyrinth, ponds, canals and woods.

In Lisburn, Lord Hertford had beautiful hanging gardens which were the inspiration of Sir Arthur Rawdon, and they cascaded from the present Castle Gardens to the large basin.

All that remains today are the terraces, which are maintained by the local Council.

Just over twenty years ago they were a wilderness and some shrubs remained, which may have been part of the original planting.

Sir Arthur lived only a short time to enjoy the garden which he created and loved; he died in 1695, at the premature age of thirty-four.

For two generations Rawdon's descendants maintained the garden; however, when, in 1788, Moira passed into other hands, the garden became neglected and was subsequently vandalised.

By the middle of the next century there were scarcely any trees of note.

Nothing now remains of either house nor gardens.

Sir Arthur's successor was Sir John, 3rd Baronet (1690-1723).

Throughout his short life he suffered from tuberculosis.

At the time of his death, St John's Church in Moira had just been consecrated.

He was buried in the family vault underneath the church.

Sir Hans Sloane encouraged Sir John to correspond and, in 1711, in response to a letter from Sloane enquiring about the plants at Moira, Sir John replied that owing to the 'carelessness of servants and the death of Mr Harlow, most of the plants were withered to nothing'.

Outside, however, the trees and shrubs fared better.

His son, also Sir John, 4th Baronet (1720-93), inherited the estates and the baronetcy at the age of three.

Sir John was later elevated to the peerage as Baron Rawdon and further ennobled as Earl of Moira in 1762.

Lord Moira was a well known figure in Irish government circles.

When he died in 1793, his funeral was said to have been the largest ever seen in the Kingdom of Ireland: Over four hundred horse-drawn carriages were in the procession from all parts of the country.

He died at his grand town residence in Dublin, Moira House, and was buried in the family vault at St John's, Moira.

The 1st Earl, by this stage, had removed the family seat to Montalto, near Ballynahinch.

The 2nd Earl, afterwards 1st Marquess of Hastings KG PC, Francis Rawdon-Hastings (right), was undoubtedly the most distinguished member of the Rawdon family.

He took on his mother's maiden name, inherited his mother's titles as well as his father's, and also much of the estates belonging to the Huntingdon dynasty.

He was educated at Harrow and, in 1774, went to America and fought with distinction in the American War of Independence, and was present at the Battle of Bunker's Hill.

Lord Moira became Adjutant-General of the British Armed Forces in America, and during the illness of Lord Cornwallis, commanded the armies that brought victory to the colonists.

He is said to have been one of the most courageous generals in the whole war.

Some of his soldiers founded towns in America called Moira, in memory of his exploits.

One can be found in New York State, and another in Canada where there is also a river of the same name.

On his return home, the 2nd Earl became an MP and was an advocate of the Act of Union.

He later became the first Governor-General of India (1813); and, having purchased Singapore Island in 1819, was largely responsible for the establishment of India as an important part of the British Empire.

The 2nd Earl's reward for this illustrious service was to be further ennobled as Marquess of Hastings in 1817.

The 1st Marquess, by now a knight of the Garter and privy counsellor, was, in 1824, appointed the first Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Malta, where he died off Naples in 1826. Lord Hastings was buried at Valetta.

By 1805 the Rawdon family had moved to their other estates in Ireland, including Montalto at Ballynahinch.

The new tenant of Moira Castle was William Sharman, a member of Grattan's Parliament, who was very prominent in the history of the area.

This family owned Moira Castle only for a relatively short period.

The last direct descendant, Henry Rawdon, a great nephew, became 4th Marquess of Hastings and died without issue.

As a consequence, the titles became extinct in 1868.

At this stage the Moira demesne was purchased by Sir Robert Bateson, Bt, who also owned Belvoir Park in Belfast.

The Bateson family did not live for any lengthy period in Moira and used the Castle as a secondary residence. Bateson's son Thomas became 1st Baron Deramore.

Former seats ~ Donington Hall, Leicestershire; Rawdon Hall, Yorkshire; Loudoun Castle, Ayrshire; Moira, County Down; and Montalto, County Down.

First published in June, 2010.   Hastings arms courtesy of European Heraldry.

Friday, 17 February 2017

Mount Kennedy House

THE GUN-CUNINGHAME FAMILY WERE MAJOR LANDOWNERS IN COUNTY WICKLOW, WITH 10,479 ACRES

The pedigree of this family with alliances is fully set out in NISBET'S Heraldry, with authorities down to 1800.

SIR ROBERT DE CUNNINGHAME, Laird of Kilmaurs, living in 1350, had two sons, Sir William, ancestor of the Cunninghames, Earls of Glencairn; and SIR ANDREW DE CUNINGHAME, of Polmaise, ancestor of Drumquhassle, to whom DAVID II gave a grant of the lands of Pitkennedy, and whose descendent in the third generation,

ALEXANDER CUNINGHAME, Laird of Drumquhassle, married Margaret, daughter and co-heir of William Park, of that ilk, by Margaret his wife, daughter of Allan, Lord Cathcart, and had issue,

JOHN CUNINGHAME, Laird of Drumquhassle, Master of the Household to JAMES VI, called the "Regent's Right Hand", as being the chief adviser of the Earl of Lennox.

He wedded Janet, eldest daughter and co-heir of James Cuninghame, of Polmaise, and had issue,
John, of Drumquhassle;
James, dsp;
ROBERT, of whom presently;
Janet; Margaret.
The third son,

ROBERT CUNINGHAME, of Drumbeg, served heir to his brother in 1644, espoused Elspeth, daughter of William Buchanan, of Ross and Portnellan, and had issue,
John;
WILLIAM.
The younger son,

WILLIAM CUNINGHAME, of Drumbeg, served heir to his brother, 1644, wedded Alice, daughter of John Buchanan, of Arnprior, and was father of

JOHN CUNINGHAME, of Bandalloch, who wedded Jean, daughter of William Weir, of the family of Blackwood, and had issue six sons, of whom the youngest,

DAVID CUNINGHAME, of Seabegs, Colonel in the army, Fort-Major of Stirling Castle, 1745, married Margaret, daughter of J Callander, of Craigforth, and had issue,
ROBERT, of whom presently;
James, Lt-Gen in the army, etc;
Jean; Elizabeth; Anne.
The elder son,

ROBERT CUNINGHAME (1726-1801), of Mount Kennedy, General in the Army, was elevated to the peerage, in 1796, in the dignity of BARON ROSSMORE, of Monaghan; and as he had no issue by his wife Elizabeth, daughter of John Murray, and co-heir of her mother, Mary, Dowager Lady Blayney, daughter and heir of Sir Alexander Cairnes Bt, the patent of creation contained a reversionary clause limiting the barony, at his lordship's decease, without male issue, to his wife's family: Firstly, to Henry A N Jones; secondly, to Warner William Westenra; and thirdly, to Henry Westenra.

Mr Jones and the Messrs Westenra were grandsons of the aforesaid Mary, Dowager Lady Blayney.

Lord Rossmore died in 1801, and Henry Alexander Nathaniel Jones having predeceased him unmarried, the title devolved upon

WARNER WILLIAM WESTENRA (1765-1842), as 2nd Baron; and his Wicklow estates, at the death of his widow, in 1825, on his niece, Jean Gordon, wife of George Gun, of Kilmorna, County Kerry, who having assumed the name and arms of CUNINGHAME by royal licence, in 1826 became

GEORGE GUN-CUNINGHAME, of Mount Kennedy. By Jean Gordon his wife he had issue,
ROBERT, his heir;
Anne; Matilda; Eliza; Henrietta; Jane; Georgiana Frances.
Mr Gun-Cuninghame died in 1827, and was succeeded by his only son,

ROBERT GUN-CUNINGHAME DL (1792-1877), of Mount Kennedy, who married, in 1817, Elizabeth Foulkes, of Birchamp House, Gloucestershire, and had issue,
ROBERT GEORGE ARCHIBALD HAMILTON, his heir;
George Philip Henry;
Philip Henry;
Elizabeth Jane; Adolphina Frederica; Jane; Mary Julia.
Mr Gun-Cuninghame wedded secondly, in 1832, Annabel Erina, eldest daughter of Viscount Glentworth, eldest son of the 1st Earl of Limerick, and had issue,
Edmund;
Albert Glentworth;
Cecil;
Glencairn Dunsmere Stuart;
Nina Augusta Erina; Eva Adelaide.
Mr Gun-Cuninghame was succeeded by his eldest son,

ROBERT GEORGE ARCHIBALD HAMILTON GUN-CUNINGHAME DL (1818-80), of Mount Kennedy and Coolawinna, County Wicklow, Colonel, Wicklow Artillery, who wedded, in 1844, Isabella, only daughter of the Rt Rev Lord Robert Ponsonby Tottenham, Lord Bishop of Clogher (2nd son of 1st Marquess of Ely), by the Hon Alicia Maude, his wife, daughter of Cornwallis, 1st Viscount Hawarden, and had issue,
CORNWALLIS ROBERT DUCAREL, his heir;
Alicia; Elizabeth; Anne; Isabella; Emily Eleanor; Mary Isabella;
Lucy Phillippa; Augusta; Beatrice Elizabeth.
Mr Gun-Cuninghame was succeeded by his only son,

CORNWALLIS ROBERT DUCAREL GUN-CUNINGHAME JP DL (1857-1928), of Mount Kennedy, High Sheriff of County Wicklow, 1886, Captain and Honorary Major, 7th Brigade, N Irish division, Royal Artillery, who wedded firstly, in 1886, Isabella, youngest daughter of Richard Wingfield, and had issue,
ROBERT GEORGE ARTHUR, his heir;
Henry Maurice Benedict;
Dorothy Isabella.
He espoused secondly, in 1904, Constance Evelyn, youngest daughter of Edwin Joseph Vipan.

Mr Gun-Cuninghame was succeeded by his elder son,

ROBERT GEORGE ARTHUR GUN-CUNINGHAME (1896-1970), who married, in 1927, Emily Frances Grace, daughter of Cornelius Richard O'Callaghan, and had issue,
ROBERT HENRY RICHARD, of Finnebrogue, Co Down;
Jean Rosemary; Ruth Isabella Anne.
Captain Gun-Cununghame was succeeded by his only son,

ROBERT HENRY RICHARD GUN-CUNINGHAME, of Finnebrogue, Downpatrick, County Down, Major, Royal Irish Rangers, born in 1930, who espoused, in 1958, Selina Imogen Elizabeth Lorraine, daughter of Major John Robert Perceval-Maxwell, and had issue,
ROBERT PATRICK DUCAREL, b 1959;
Julian Arthur, b 1961;
Richard Benjamin, b 1965.


MOUNT KENNEDY HOUSE, Newtownmountkennedy, County Wicklow,  is a two-storey over basement mansion, to a design originally drawn up by James Wyatt in 1772.

The estate originally belonged to the Kennedys, who erected a large house here in 1670; burnt during the Williamite War.

The estate was purchased in 1769 by Lieutenant-General Robert Cuninghame, later Commander-in-Chief Ireland and 1st Baron Rossmore.

It was modified by the architect and builder, Thomas Cooley, who completed the commission in 1784-85.

Lord Rossmore died in 1801, when Mount Kennedy passed to his niece, Mrs Gun-Cuninghame.

It remained in the Gun-Cuninghames until 1928.

In 1938, the demesne was bought by Mr Ernest Hull, whose widow sold it about 1971.

It later became the home of Mr & Mrs Noel Griffin; and the present family acquired it in 1982.

Mount Kennedy's principal characteristic is the beautiful and delicate interior decoration, incorporating plasterwork by Michael Stapleton.


Exquisite work in the hall (above) and three main reception rooms is further complemented by intricately painted medallions in grisaille by Peter De Gree, a Belgian who came to Ireland in 1785, and whose other works are contained in Lucan House, Luttrellstown Castle and Marlay House.

Mount Kennedy has seven bedrooms, four reception rooms and four bathrooms.

It is set in 170 acres.

The property was sold to a private buyer in 2013.

First published in February, 2013.

Hampstead Hall

THE McCLINTOCKS OF HAMPSTEAD OWNED 54 ACRES OF LAND IN COUNTY LONDONDERRY

JOHN McCLINTOCK, son of John McClintock, of Hampstead Hall, County Londonderry, by Sarah his wife, daughter of James Acheson, married Margaret, daughter of Robert Alexander, merchant of Londonderry, and had issue,
WILLIAM KERR, his heir;
John;
Robert;
Hugh;
James;
Samuel, of Gransha lodge;
Eliza; Anne; Jane.
Mr McClintock died in 1802, and was succeeded by his eldest son,

WILLIAM KERR McCLINTOCK JP (1788-1841), of Hampstead Hall, who wedded, in 1818, Sarah, eldest daughter of William Macky, of Londonderry, and had issue,
John Kerr;
William Kerr Macky;
THOMPSON MACKY, of whom hereafter;
Kerr;
Sarah; Anne; Ellen Macky; Louisa.
The third son,

THOMPSON MACKY McCLINTOCK JP (1826-1904), of Hampstead Hall, Captain, 87th Royal Irish Fusiliers, espoused, in 1856, Sarah Maria, elder daughter of the Rev John Conyngham McCausland, Rector of Clonmore, County Louth, and Sarah Anne his wife, daughter of Edward Elsmere and Sarah de Renzi his wife, of Clobemon Hall and Baltinglass, County Wexford, and had issue,
WILLIAM KERR, his heir;
John Conyngham;
Kerr;
Edward Elsmere;
Sarah Louisa; Ada Elsmere; Sydney Maria; Elizabeth Maude.
The eldest son,

WILLIAM KERR McCLINTOCK (1858-1940), of Hampstead Hall and Redvers House, Newcastle-on-Tyne, Colonel Commanding 1st Battalion, Royal Berkshire Regiment, married, in 1895, Edith Mary, daughter of William Rowland Swanston, of Newcastle-on-Tyne, and had issue,
William Kerr, b 1896;
Violet Kerr, 1902-3;
Anne Kerr, b 1904;
Margaret Kerr, b 1908.

HAMPSTEAD HALL, Londonderry, is a two-storey, five bay Georgian house over a basement.

Two chimneystacks are prominent, as do quoins.

It has a hipped roof and a central, fan-lighted doorway with Tuscan-style, Doric columns.

Hampstead Hall was once called Greenhaw.

It is thought that the present house dates from 1820, and was rebuilt ca 1850.

Hampstead was owned from 1959 till 1979 by Mr Halliday; later by Dr Duff, who sold the land for housing development and erected a bungalow nearby.

The present owner bought the house with existing gardens and outbuildings in 1982.

During the 2nd World War the land was occupied with military installations.

The current owner has begun restoring the house and recapturing its architectural character and detailing.

It is renowned for its fine, landscaped gardens.

Thursday, 16 February 2017

1st Baron Dorchester

THE BARONS DORCHESTER WERE MAJOR LANDOWNERS IN COUNTY TYRONE, WITH 12,607 ACRES

IN THE REIGN OF GEORGE IV, SIR GUY CARLETON WAS THIRD GOVERNOR OF THE PROVINCE OF QUEBEC. HE SERVED A SECOND TERM AS GOVERNOR-GENERAL OF CANADA, 1786-96

The immediate ancestor of this family was

LANCELOT CARLETON, a younger son of the ancient house of CARLETON, of Carleton, Cumberland, who settled at Rossfad, near Enniskillen, County Fermanagh.

LANCELOT CARLETON, of Rossfad, County Fermanagh, son and heir of Lancelot Carleton, of Brampton Foot, in Gilsland, Cumberland, was slain in the service of CHARLES I.

He left, by Mary, his wife, daughter of William Irvine, of Castle Irvine, County Fermanagh, two sons,
LANCELOT, his heir;
Christopher, of Market Hill, Co Fermanagh.
The eldest son,

LANCELOT CARLETON, of Rossfad, High Sheriff of Fermanagh, 1683, and for Donegal, 1686, wedded Mary, daughter and heir of John Cathcart, and had issue,
Lancelot, died unmarried, 1700;
Guy, of Rossfad;
CHRISTOPHER, of whom presently;
Charles, died unmarried;
John, died in the war in Spain;
William, died unmarried.
Mr Carleton died ca 1693, and was succeeded by his third son,

CHRISTOPHER CARLETON (-c1738), of Newry, County Down, who wedded Catherine, daughter of Henry Ball, and had issue,
William, army captain;
Lancelot, died unmarried;
GUY, of whom hereafter;
Thomas, 1st Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick;
Catherine; Anne; Conolly.
The third son,

GENERAL SIR GUY CARLETON KB (1724-1808), who, in consideration of his eminent services during the first American war, was elevated to the peerage, in 1786, as BARON DORCHESTER, of Dorchester, Oxfordshire, having previously obtained a pension of £1,000 per annum for his own life and the lives of his lady and two elder sons.

His lordship espoused, in 1772, Maria, daughter of Thomas, 2nd Earl of Effingham, and had issue,
Guy, died unmarried;
Thomas, died unmarried;
Christopher (1775-1806), father of ARTHUR HENRY, 2nd Baron;
George, Lt-Col, father of GUY, 3rd Baron;
Charles;
Dudley;
Richard (Rev), father of DUDLEY WILMOT, 4th Baron;
Maria; Frances.
His lordship was succeeded by his grandson,

ARTHUR HENRY, 2nd Baron (1805-26), who died unmarried, when the barony descended to his cousin,

GUY, 3rd Baron (1811-75), who wedded, in 1837, Anne, daughter of Thomas Wauchope, and had issue,
HENRIETTA ANNE, 1st Baroness Dorchester;
Maria Georgiana.
His lordship died without male issue, and the title reverted to his cousin,

DUDLEY WILMOT, 4th Baron (1822-97), who espoused, in 1854, Charlotte, daughter and co-heiress of john, 1st Baron Broughton, by his wife, the Lady Julia Thomasina Hay, sixth daughter of George, 7th Marquess of Tweeddale.

His lordship died without issue, when the barony expired.

The barony was revived, however, in 1899, when the 3rd Baron's elder daughter,

THE HON HENRIETTA ANNE CARLETON (1846-1925), was created BARONESS DORCHESTER, of Dorchester, Oxfordshire.

Her ladyship wedded firstly, in 1864, Francis Paynton Pigott, and had issue, an only child,
DUDLEY MASSEY PIGOTT.
She married secondly, in 1887, Major-General Richard Langford Leir.

Her ladyship was succeeded by her only son,

DUDLEY MASSEY PIGOTT, 2nd Baron (1876-1963), OBE, who wedded, in 1911, Kathleen, daughter of William, 6th Baron de Blaquiere, and had issue,
Diana Claudia Patricia (1912-90);
Lorraine Charmian Gabrielle (1919-2010).
*****

GUY CARLETON was born at Strabane, County Tyrone, in 1724; and went on to become military governor of Quebec.

He was instrumental in successfully challenging an invasion of Canada by the rebel forces of the American Colonies in 1776, when he was appointed to the Order of the Bath.

A plaque in Strabane reads,

Born at Bowling Green, Strabane, Carleton was commissioned ensign in 1742 in the 25th Foot rising rapidly through the ranks and serving in several campaigns notably in Canada as Captain General and Governor in Chief of Quebec from 1768.

His policies acknowledged the French colonists and incorporated the French system of land ownership and inheritance.

Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester, KB (Strabane, Co. Tyrone, Ireland, 3 September 1724 – 10 November 1808 Stubbings, Maidenhead, Berkshire), known between 1776 and 1786 as Sir Guy Carleton, was an Irish-British soldier who twice served as Governor of the Province of Quebec, from 1768–1778 (concurrently serving as Governor General of British North America), and from 1785–1795.He commanded British troops in the American Revolutionary War.

In 1742, he was commissioned as an Ensign in the 25th Regiment of Foot and in which in 1745 he was made a lieutenant. In 1751 he joined the 1st Foot Guards as a Captain and in 1752 a Captain and in 1757 was made a lieutenant colonel.

In 1758 he was made the lieutenant colonel of the newly formed 72nd Regiment of Foot. He became a friend of James Wolfe.In 1778, Sir Guy resigned the Governorship only to be brought out of retirement in 1782 to act as Commander in Chief of British Forces in North America.

In this capacity he oversaw the surrender of New York to George Washington (among whose personal bodyguard was Captain John Dunlap) and the evacuation of British troops from North America.

Sir Guy was ennobled as the Right Honourable Guy Carleton, Baron Dorchester, in 1786; and was appointed Commander-in-Chief, North America.


In 1772, Carleton married Maria, daughter of Thomas, 2nd Earl of Effingham.
His firm but fair administration at that time (especially in regard to recognising the status of French Canadians) was responsible for the successful inauguration of the respective institutions which became the foundations of modern Canada.
At the time of his death in 1808, Lord Dorchester was recognised as one of the most decisive figures of the 18th Century.

In retirement, Lord Dorchester lived mostly at Greywell Hill, adjoining Nately Scures, Hampshire.

After 1805, he moved to Stubbings House, Burchett's Green, near Maidenhead, Berkshire.

In 1808, he died suddenly at Stubbings.

He was buried in the parish church of St Swithun's, Nately Scures.

First published in December, 2009.  Dorchester arms courtesy of European Heraldry.

Forkhill House

THE ALEXANDER FAMILY WERE MAJOR LANDOWNERS IN COUNTY ARMAGH, WITH 8,324 ACRES


NATHANIEL ALEXANDER (1689-1761), of Gunsland, County Donegal, second son of JOHN ALEXANDER, of Ballyclose, County Londonderry, and of Gunsland, County Donegal, and grandson of ANDREW ALEXANDER, of Ballyclose.

He was admitted an Alderman of Londonderry, 1755.

Alderman Alexander married Elizabeth, daughter of William McClintock, of Dunmore, County Donegal, and had issue,
WILLIAM, of London, Barrister;
ROBERT, of Boom Hall;
James, 1st EARL OF CALEDON;
Mary Jane; Rebecca.
The second son,

ROBERT ALEXANDER (1722-90), of Boom Hall, County Londonderry, wedded, in 1759, Anne, daughter of Henry McCullogh, and had issue,
NATHANIEL, his heir;
Henry, of Glentogher;
William, Lieutenant-General;
James, of Somerhill, Kent;
Josias Du Pré, East India Company;
Elizabeth; Anne.
The eldest son,

THE RT REV AND RT HON NATHANIEL ALEXANDER  (1760-1840), of Portglenone House, married, in 1785, Anne, daughter of the Rt Hon Richard Jackson MP, of Coleraine, and had issue,
Robert (Rev), of Portglenone;
James (Rev);
Nathaniel;
HENRY, of whom presently;
George;
William Stuart;
Anne; Mary; Eliza; Henrietta Frances.
The fourth son,

HENRY ALEXANDER (1803-77), of Forkhill House, County Armagh, High Sheriff, 1856, Barrister, espoused, in 1839, Louisa Juliana, second daughter of Thomas, 2nd Earl of Ranfurly, and had issue,
GRANVILLE HENRY JACKSON, his heir;
Henry Nathaniel;
Claud Henry;
Ronald Henry;
Frederick Henry Thomas;
Dudley Henry, CMG;
Blanche Catherine; Alice Mary Juliana;
Constance Henrietta Georgina; Emily Louisa; Edith Ellen.
Mr Alexander was succeeded by his eldest son,

GRANVILLE HENRY JACKSON ALEXANDER JP DL (1852-1930), of Forkhill House, High Sheriff, 1883, Captain, 3rd Battalion, Royal Irish Fusiliers, who married, in 1880, Daisy, daughter of M Mathews, of San Francisco, USA, in a marriage without issue.

Captain Alexander sold most of his estate under the 'Wyndham' Land Act about 1905; and the remainder, including Forkhill House, in 1924.

FORKHILL HOUSE, Forkhill, County Armagh, is an 18th century house of three storeys and two bays.

The walls are rendered.

It was built for Richard Jackson (who endowed many schools in the area) ca 1780, along with the farmyard.

The house is said to have been occupied by John Foxall in 1836.

George Bassett, writing in 1888, remarked,
An extensive property owner here, has lately spent from £6,000 to £7,000 improving his fine residence, Forkhill House. The demesne is open to the public, and is much frequented by excursion and picnic parties. A trout lake, containing between eight and ten acres, romantically situated, affords good sport for angler.
The improvement was likely in a hip-roof annex built on to the left front of the original house.

This section which was burned during the troubles in the 1920s, and subsequently demolished. 

Though known as Forkhill House, the pre-1834 building has gone, with the exception of one wing. 

The part-walled demesne of 100 acres is in an outstanding position on the south-facing slopes of Tievecrom Mountain. 

At the present time it is practically treeless, but the grounds contain some very interesting ornamental features that are not operational, but could be.

The ponds are drained but artificial islands, with parts of rustic buildings and a boat-house in good condition remain.


A mountain top turret view point affords excellent views.

The walled garden is used for grazing.

The gate lodge has been enlarged and decorated many times during the 19th century. 

First published in August, 2010.