Tuesday, 2 September 2014

Lord Archbishop of Cashel

Ruby, two keys in saltire, topaz

The last Anglican Archbishop of Cashel and Primate of Munster was the Most Rev and Rt Hon Richard Laurence DD (1760-1838).

The archiepiscopal palace was at Cashel, County Tipperary.

THE PALACE, Cashel (now the Cashel Palace Hotel) was built between 1730-32 by Archbishop Bolton, and designed by Sir Edward Lovett Pearce.

It comprises two storeys over a basement, with a dormered attic in the high-pitched roof.

The Palladian entrance front, of rose-coloured brick with stone facings, stands back from the town's main street.

The entrance front is of seven bays, with a three-bay central breakfront.
There is a large, panelled hall, with a screen of fluted Corinthian columns and pilasters, a pair of black marble chimney-pieces which face each other on either side; arched door-cases embellished with scrolls; and a modillion cornice.
A fine wooden staircase stands in the staircase hall at the side.

Garden front

The three principal reception rooms in the garden front, which face towards the Rock of Cashel, were redecorated in the early 19th century by Archbishop Agar, afterwards Lord Archbishop of Dublin and 1st Earl of Normanton.

The Palace suffered damage in the Irish rebellion of 1798.

A long room at one side of the forecourt once contained Archbishop Bolton's splendid library.

In 1839, when the archbishopric of Cashel was merged with the diocese of Waterford, the Palace was partly used by the Deans of Cashel, till the 1950s.

The decision was made by the Church of Ireland to sell the property in 1959.

In 1962, it was first opened as a hotel by 2nd Lord Brocket (who also owned the Wicklow Hotel in Dublin and Benner’s Hotel in Tralee at that time).

To the rear of the Palace are fine gardens, which include two ancient Mulberry Trees planted in 1702 to commemorate the coronation of Queen ANNE.

The garden also contains a private walk (The Bishop's Walk) to the Rock of Cashel, the 13th Century Cathedral, and the ancient seat of the Kings of Munster.    

Donaghadee Manor House

De La Cherois of Donaghadee

The family of DE LA CHEROIS descends from the younger branch of an ancient and noble house in France, formerly resident at Cheroz or Cherois, a small town near Sens, in the province of Champagne, whence the name is derived.
It had there, in the beginning of the 17th century, large possessions, and was allied to some of the first families in that country, among others, to the great family of Montmorency, in consequence of the marriage of Catherine de la Cherois with Jean Seigneur de Beaurnez, whose daughter, Marguerite, married Antoine de Montmorency. The revocation of the Edict of Nantes, in 1685, compelled the de la Cherois', being protestants, to abandon country, kindred, and fortune, to preserve their freedom of conscience.
In the hurry and distress, unavoidably attendant upon so disastrous a flight, and consequent dispersion that ensued, many particulars relating to their family and history, together with other interesting documents, were destroyed. 
In 1641,

CAPTAIN SAMUEL DE LA CHEROIS (ancestor of the branch of the family settled in Ireland), served in the war, undertaken by Cardinal Richelieu, against the House of Austria.

He left three sons, viz.
NICHOLAS, officer in the army of LOUIS XIV;
In 1685, these brothers fled to Holland, where they were received with kindness by the Stadtholder, into whose service they entered, obtaining commissions in the Dutch army of the same rank as those they had held in France.
In 1689, WILLIAM, Prince of Orange, being called to the throne of Great Britain, formed two regiments of the French Hugenots, of which Nicholas De La Cherois was appointed major; Daniel, captain; and Bourjonval, lieutenant.
By 1685, the year of the Revocation, they were living in Ham in Picardy, where they owned land and other property, as did many Huguenots.

They accompanied WILLIAM III to Ireland in 1690 and finally settled there.

The eldest,

distinguished himself at the battle of the Boyne, and afterwards performed a very gallant action, making 1,500 men lay down their arms with only a subaltern's guard, for which he was presented by the government with 1,500 crowns, and a lieutenant-colonelcy. His commission was made out, but not gazetted, when he was unfortunately carried off, by being sent poison by mistake, instead of medicine.
He wedded Mary, daughter of Samuel Crommelin, of Lisburn.

The son and successor,

SAMUEL DE LA CHEROIS, married Mademoiselle Cormiere, and had issue,
Nicholas, 1737-1829;
SAMUEL, of whom presently;
The next generation was represented by Samuel and his sister Madeleine. Samuel De La Cherois married Sarah, another Huguenot. 

They had three sons and lived at Hilden, later moving to Donaghadee. Samuel adopted the name Crommelin.

Their third son, Samuel, carried on the name through his son Nicholas, who built Carrowdore Castle.

He is buried in the De La Cherois tomb there, just outside the east end of the church.

His sister Anne was the mother of Dr Charles Nicholas De la Cherois Purdon, who wrote the family history in the Ulster Journal of Archaeology in 1853.

The line now continues through the distaff side and in churches attended by the de la Cherois family there are memorial plaques bearing the names of sons who did not attain the inheritance.

In 1811, Nicholas De La Cherois, an ensign in the 47th Regiment of the Line, was killed during the Napoleonic wars at the Battle of Barross, aged 22 years.

In 1859, Lieutenant Louis De La Cherois RN died in the Crimean War; and in the next generation in 1905, Philip Alexander Vaughan De La Cherois, who was born at Donaghadee, died of fever in Africa, while serving as a District Officer.

THE MANOR HOUSE, Donaghadee, County Down, is a plain, two-storey Georgian house with its entrance front behind railings at the corner of High Street and Manor Street.

It has a six bay entrance front with a pillared porch; and a three-sided bow in the side elevation.

It was built ca 1775, after the property had been acquired in 1771 by Daniel De La Cherois.

The manor house is surrounded by a garden, which includes glasshouses; however, the main garden is across the road.

The ornamental section of the garden has been built over since the 1970s, but the walled garden remains productive, complete with box-edged beds, a rare survival.

The garden wall is of stone and has an impressive castellated entrance.

The family vault of the De La Cherois family is under the west aisle of Donaghadee parish church. 

First published in January, 2011.

Monday, 1 September 2014

Unexecuted Cathedral Design

Belfast Cathedral ~ the Cathedral Church of Saint Anne in Belfast ~ is a relatively young church.

It has been said - correctly - that St Anne's is a modern cathedral in a modern city.

Belfast itself is of relatively recent growth; unlike, for instance, the ancient cathedral cities of Canterbury, York, or Dublin.

The Cathedral's foundation stone was laid in 1899 by the Countess of Shaftesbury, and blessed by the Rt Rev Thomas Welland, Lord Bishop of Down, Connor and Dromore.

The last public service was held in the old parish church of St Anne on the 31st December, 1903, prior to demolition.

Sir Thomas Drew's original design

The nave of the new Cathedral was, in fact, built around the old parish church of 1776.
St Anne's Parish Church was provided at the sole expense of the landlord of the town, Arthur, 1st Marquess of Donegall.
The traditional name by which the church should have been called was St Patrick's, but the noble donor wished to honour the name of his first wife (née Lady Anne Hamilton, daughter of James, 5th Duke of Hamilton) and so it was dedicated in the name of SAINT ANNE, the mother of the Virgin Mary.
The Cathedral chapter, board and vestry had ambitious plans for the new cathedral.

It was intended that a lady chapel be built at the eastern extremity of the cathedral, 76 feet long and 30 feet wide, terminating in an apse with a domed roof.

The present apse constitutes the eastern end of the cathedral; though the lady chapel was intended to accommodate a congregation of about 200 people, and equipped with a small chamber organ.

Architectural design for completion: north elevation

A TOWER was also planned (or proposed), rising to a pinnacle and linked to the north-east side of the Cathedral by a covered cloister and vestibule.

It was to be 210 feet in height, twice the height of the nave's roof.

At its base, the Tower was to have an exterior measurement of 40 feet square, progressively "stepped down" to 32 feet square.

The lower portion of the Tower was intended to serve as a Chapter House.

This tower was to house a campanile or bell chamber, 24 feet square, and containing a grand peal of bells.

The lady chapel and the tower are the two primary features which were abandoned.

Instead there is a slender stainless-steel pinnacle, which pierces and rises majestically above the Choir.

Sunday, 31 August 2014

Belfast's Cathedral Quarter

This morning I motored to what is now known as The Cathedral Quarter, Belfast.

I parked at Donegall Street and walked the short distance to Academy Street, which is dominated at one side by Belfast Cathedral.

In fact, the Cathedral is enclosed by Donegall Street, Academy Street, Exchange Street West, and Talbot Street.

Exchange Street West
I turned right at Exchange Street West, where the recent development, Saint Anne's Square, is directly opposite the east end of the Cathedral.

Standing in Saint Anne's plaza, there is a good prospect of the Cathedral's east end and pinnacle.
There was a proposal to build a lady chapel, 76 feet in length and 30 feet wide, holding a congregation of about 200 people, at the Cathedral's eastern extremity, though this plan was never realised, presumably due to financial constraints.
Hill Street ends at the junction of Exchange Street West and Talbot Street.

Gordon Street begins at 43 Hill Street
This is one of Belfast's most atmospheric and distinctive streets. It used to be known as Pott-house Lane.

The beginning of Hill Street

Hill Street leads from Waring Street to Talbot Street, with Gordon Street, Commercial Court and Exchange Place off it.

Commercial Court, from 31 Donegall Street to Hill Street

Commercial Court is celebrated, of course, for the Duke of York bar and the relatively new Hadskis restaurant, which is related to the opulent James Street South restaurant in Belfast.

Exchange Place, from 25a Donegall Street to Hill Street

Whereas Exchange Place is more of a narrow entry which leads from Donegall Street to Hill Street.

The Duke of York has a back entrance or exit at Exchange Place.

Whereas Hill Street and its entries used to thrive with commercial warehouses and premises, today they flourish with marvellous theme restaurants and bars.

There are several hotels in the Cathedral Quarter, including the august and luxurious Merchant Hotel; the Premier Inn; and the Ramada Encore.

Lord Archbishop of Tuam

Coat-of-arms of the Anglican Archbishopric of Tuam

Sapphire, three persons erect, under as many canopies of stalls, their faces, arms, and legs, proper:
The first represents an archbishop, habited in his pontificals, holding a crozier in his left hand;
the second, the Virgin Mary, crowned, with our Saviour on her left arm;
and the third, an Angel having his right arm elevated, and a lamb on his left arm, all topaz

The last Anglican Archbishop of Tuam and Primate of Connaught was the Most Rev and Hon Power le Poer Trench DD (1770-1839).

The archiepiscopal Palace, at Bishop Street, Tuam, County Galway, was built between 1716-41, by Archbishop Synge.

The palace was described thus in 1837:
"Large and handsomely built, though not possessing much architectural embellishment."
The old palace is now a supermarket and restaurant. 

Saturday, 30 August 2014

Storm in A Teacup

My aunt and I caught up with each other this morning in Storm in A Teacup, at Massey Avenue, Belfast.

This bijou café is located in a former bank premises at the side entrance to Stormont, the seat of government in Northern Ireland.

We like it.

The room isn't large, though the loftiness of the ceiling, the plasterwork and ambiance enhance this place in an uncommon way.

Parking is easy.

This morning I ordered the toasted soda farls with butter and scambled eggs: perfectly seasoned eggs mixed with little cream, I reckon.

I enjoyed this breakfast with Earl Grey tea.

My aunt had a savoury scone with coffee.

Clarence Street West

Clarence Street West, Belfast, runs from 17 Bedford Street to McClintock Street.

It used to be a cul-de-sac, dating from about 1880.

During the mid-20th century, 4 Clarence Street West served as the premises of Stanley Harvey & Co, automobile engineers and Rolls-Royce dealers.

Later, it became a ten-pin bowling alley called the Belfast Superbowl.

In 2008, this garage was demolished and replaced by Radisson Hotels' Park Inn.

This hotel operates a grill-bar, RBG Belfast.

First published in September, 2012.