The ancient and illustrious house of PERCEVAL is supposed, by many suggestive circumstances, to take its origin from a younger branch of the sovereign Dukes of Brittany in France; out of which province they were transplanted to Normandy before its conquest, and were invested with the hereditary office of Chief Butlers of that duchy.
ODO or EUDES, Viscount of Porhoet, at length Duke of Brittany, who a little before the Conquest left issue, by his wife Agnes, among other sons, one named
ROBERT, presumed the same with Robert, Lord of Yvery, the first of his family that settled in England upon the Norman conquest.
DAVID PERCEVAL, Lord of Twickenham, Rolleston, Somerset,
lineally descended from who accompanied Ascelin Gouel de Perceval, who accompanied THE CONQUEROR to England, married Alice, daughter of Thomas Bythemore of Overwere.Dying in 1534, he left issue,
James, dsp 1548;The second son,
GEORGE, of whom presently;
GEORGE PERCEVAL (1561-1601), Lord of Twickenham, wedded Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Edward Bamfylde, of Poltimore, in Devon; and dying about 1601, left, with a daughter Elizabeth, a son,
RICHARD PERCIVALE or PERCEVAL (1550-1620),
who, having been educated at distinguished institutions, and through the influence of the Lord Treasurer, Burghley, that nobleman employed him in the management of those state affairs which required the greatest trust and secrecy.This gentleman filled several important offices and, dying in 1620, was succeeded by his younger son,
SIR PHILIP PERCEVAL (1605-47), knight,
a very distinguished statesman, who, having been actively employed in the government of Ireland for a series of years, obtained grants of forfeited lands there to the extent of 101,000 acres.His eldest son,
SIR JOHN PERCEVAL, knight, was created a baronet in 1661, by patent, containing this remarkable clause, that,
the eldest son, or grandson, shall exist a baronet, after the age of 21 years, at the same time with the father or grandfather.His great-grandson,
THE RT HON SIR JOHN PERCEVAL, who, after becoming a privy counsellor, and sitting for several years in the Irish House of Commons, was elevated to the peerage of that kingdom, by patent, in 1715, as Baron Perceval.
In 1722, his lordship was advanced to a viscountcy, as Viscount Perceval, of County Cork, with the annual fee of twenty marks, payable out of the Exchequer, attached, to support the honour.
In 1732, this nobleman obtained a charter to colonise the province of Georgia, in America, and being nominated president thereof; and was further advanced, to the dignity of an earldom, in 1733, as EARL OF EGMONT.
- John Perceval, 1st Earl (1683–1748)
- John Perceval, 2nd Earl (1711–70)
- John James Perceval, 3rd Earl (1738–1822)
- John Perceval, 4th Earl (1767–1835)
- Henry Frederick Joseph James Perceval, 5th Earl (1796–1841)
- George James Perceval, 6th Earl (1794–1874)
- Charles George Perceval, 7th Earl (1845–97)
- Augustus Arthur Perceval, 8th Earl (1856–1910)
- Charles John Perceval, 9th Earl (1858–1929) (dormant)
- Frederick Joseph Trevelyan Perceval, de jure 10th Earl (1873–1932)
- Frederick George Moore Perceval, 11th Earl (1914–2001) (claim admitted 1939)
- Thomas Frederick Gerald Perceval, 12th Earl (1934–2011)
LOHORT CASTLE is near Cecilstown, County Cork.
This historic castle is an impressive five-storey fortified tower with rounded corners, standing over eighty feet tall. The massive walls are ten feet thick at the base, narrowing to six feet.
Around the top storey there is a machicolated parapet that runs unbroken apart for a short section on the eastern side. There used to be a deep moat around the castle with a drawbridge.
The castle grounds cover more than one hundred acres.
Lohort Castle was built ca 1496 by Donogh Og McDonagh McCarthy. The castle was taken by the Irish forces during the civil war.
One of the bloodiest battles of the English civil war took place in the grounds of Lohort Castle in 1647, when over 4,500 men were killed in battle.
Lohort was bombarded by Oliver Cromwell's troops in 1650 and captured, but the castle withstood the cannon fire due to the immense strength of its thick walls.
The castle as it now stands was rebuilt ca 1750 by Sir John Perceval, 1st Earl of Egmont, and the Percivals lived there until the 20th century, when it was burnt by the IRA in 1922.
Some of the fireplaces from nearby Kanturk Castle appear to have been relocated to Lohort Castle; this was probably done when Lohort Castle was restored in the 18th century.
Lohort subsequently became the home of Sir Timothy O'Brien Bt, a well-known cricketer.
First published in August, 2012. Egmont arms courtesy of European Heraldry.